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    现在位置时时彩网络平台>技术资料首页>产品信息>说明书>CSB-E04504r_大鼠脑源性神经营养因子(BDNF)ELISA试剂盒说明书

    时时彩开奖结果记录表: CSB-E04504r_大鼠脑源性神经营养因子(BDNF)ELISA试剂盒说明书

    厦门慧嘉生物科技有限公司2013年5月27日 16:00 点击:915

    时时彩网络平台 www.qlgr.net  

     大鼠脑源性神经营养因子(BDNF)ELISA试剂盒
    Rat brain derived neurotrophic facor (BDNF)   
    ELISA Kit 
     
    For the quantitative determination of rat brain derived neurotrophic facor 
    (BDNF) concentrations  in serum, plasma, cell culture supernates,  tissue 
    homogenates. 
    This package insert must be read in its entirety before using this product. 
     
    In order to obtain higher efficiency service, please ready to supply the lot number 
    of the kit to us (found on the outside of the box).   2 
    PRINCIPLE OF THE ASSAY 
    This assay employs the quantitative sandwich enzyme immunoassay technique. 
    Antibody specific  for BDNF has been pre-coated onto a microplate. Standards 
    and samples are pipetted into the wells and any BDNF present is bound by the 
    immobilized  antibody.  After  removing  any  unbound  substances,  a 
    biotin-conjugated antibody specific for BDNF is added to the wells. After washing, 
    avidin  conjugated  Horseradish  Peroxidase  (HRP)  is  added  to  the  wells. 
    Following a wash  to  remove any unbound avidin-enzyme  reagent, a substrate 
    solution is added to the wells and color develops in proportion to the amount of 
    BDNF  bound  in  the  initial  step.  The  color  development  is  stopped  and  the 
    intensity of the color is measured. 
    DETECTION RANGE 
    31.25 pg/ml-2000 pg/ml. 
    SENSITIVITY 
    The minimum detectable dose of rat BDNF is typically less than 7.81 pg/ml. 
    The sensitivity of  this assay, or Lower Limit of Detection  (LLD) was defined as 
    the  lowest  protein  concentration  that  could  be  differentiated  from  zero.  It was 
    determined the mean O.D value of 20 replicates of the zero standard added by 
    their three standard deviations. 
    SPECIFICITY 
    This assay has high sensitivity and excellent specificity for detection of rat BDNF. 
    No significant cross-reactivity or interference between rat BDNF and analogues 
    was observed. 
    Note: Limited by current skills and knowledge, it is impossible for us to complete 
    the cross-reactivity detection between rat BDNF and all the analogues, therefore, 
    cross reaction may still exist.   3 
    PRECISION   
    Intra-assay Precision (Precision within an assay): CV%<8% 
    Three samples of known concentration were tested twenty times on one plate to 
    assess.   
    Inter-assay Precision (Precision between assays): CV%<10% 
    Three samples of known concentration were tested in twenty assays to assess.   
    LIMITATIONS OF THE PROCEDURE 
    ?  FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY. NOT FOR USE  IN DIAGNOSTIC 
    PROCEDURES. 
    ?  The kit should not be used beyond the expiration date on the kit label. 
    ?  Do not mix or substitute reagents with those from other lots or sources. 
    ?  If  samples  generate  values  higher  than  the  highest  standard,  dilute  the 
    samples with Sample Diluent and repeat the assay. 
    ?  Any  variation  in  Sample Diluent,  operator,  pipetting  technique, washing 
    technique, incubation time or temperature, and kit age can cause variation 
    in binding. 
    ?  This  assay  is  designed  to  eliminate  interference  by  soluble  receptors, 
    binding proteins, and other factors present in biological samples. Until all 
    factors  have  been  tested  in  the  Immunoassay,  the  possibility  of 
    interference cannot be excluded. 
     
     
     
     
       4 
    MATERIALS PROVIDED 
    Reagents  Quantity 
    Assay plate (12 x 8 coated Microwells)  1(96 wells) 
    Standard (Freeze dried)  2 
    Biotin-antibody (100 x concentrate)    1 x 120 μl 
    HRP-avidin (100 x concentrate)  1 x 120 μl 
    Biotin-antibody Diluent      1 x 10 ml 
    HRP-avidin Diluent        1 x 10 ml 
    Sample Diluent      2 x 20 ml 
    Wash Buffer (25 x concentrate)  1 x 20 ml 
    TMB Substrate    1 x 10 ml 
    Stop Solution      1 x 10 ml 
    Adhesive Strip (For 96 wells)  4 
    Instruction manual  1 
    STORAGE 
    Unopened kit  Store at 2 - 8°C. Do not use the kit beyond the expiration date 
    Opened kit 
    Coated assay 
    plate 
    May be stored for up to 1 month at 2 - 8° C. 
    Try to keep it in a sealed aluminum foil bag, 
    and avoid the damp. 
    Standard  May be stored for up to 1 month at 2 - 8° C. If 
    don’t make recent use, better keep it store at 
    -20°C. 
    Biotin-antibody   
    HRP-avidin 
    Biotin-antibody 
    Diluent 
    May be stored for up to 1 month at 2 - 8°C. 
    HRP-avidin 
    Diluent 
    Sample 
    Diluent 
    Wash Buffer 
    TMB 
    Substrate 
    Stop Solution 
    *Provided this is within the expiration date of the kit.   5 
    OTHER SUPPLIES REQUIRED 
    ?  Microplate reader capable of measuring absorbance at 450 nm, with  the 
    correction wavelength set at 540 nm or 570 nm. 
    ?  An  incubator  which  can  provide  stable  incubation  conditions  up  to 
    37°C±0.5°C. 
    ?  Squirt bottle, manifold dispenser, or automated microplate washer. 
    ?  Absorbent paper for blotting the microtiter plate. 
    ?  100 ml and 500 ml graduated cylinders. 
    ?  Deionized or distilled water. 
    ?  Pipettes and pipette tips. 
    ?  Test tubes for dilution. 
    PRECAUTIONS 
    The Stop Solution provided with this kit is an acid solution. Wear eye, hand, face, 
    and clothing protection when using this material. 
     
     
     
     
     
     
       6 
    SAMPLE COLLECTION AND STORAGE 
    ?  Serum    Use a serum separator tube (SST) and allow samples to clot for 
    two hours at  room  temperature or overnight at 4°C before centrifugation 
    for  15  minutes  at  1000  ×g.  Remove  serum  and  assay  immediately  or 
    aliquot and store samples at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw 
    cycles. 
    ?  Plasma    Collect  plasma  using  EDTA,  or  heparin  as  an  anticoagulant. 
    Centrifuge  for  15  minutes  at  1000  ×g  at  2-8°C  within  30  minutes  of 
    collection.  Assay  immediately  or  aliquot  and  store  samples  at  -20°C  or 
    -80°C. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles. 
    ?  Cell Culture Supernates   Remove particulates by centrifugation  for 15 
    minutes at 1000 x g, 2 - 8°C and assay  immediately or aliquot and store 
    samples at -20° C or -80℃. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles. 
    ?  Tissue  Homogenates   100mg  tissue  was  rinsed  with  1X  PBS, 
    homogenized in 1 mL of 1X PBS and stored overnight at -20° C. After two 
    freeze-thaw  cycles  were  performed  to  break  the  cell  membranes,  the 
    homogenates were  centrifuged  for 5 minutes at 5000  x g,  2  - 8°C. The 
    supernate was  assayed  and  removed  immediately. Alternatively,  aliquot 
    and store  samples at  -20°C or  -80℃. Centrifuge  the  sample again after 
    thawing before the assay. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles. 
     
     
     
     
       7 
    SAMPLE PREPARTION 
    Serum and plasma samples require a 20-fold dilution  into Sample Diluent. The 
    suggested 20-fold dilution can be achieved by adding 15μl sample  to 285μl of 
    Sample  Diluent.  The  recommended  dilution  factor  is  for  reference  only.  The 
    optimal dilution factor should be determined by users according to their particular 
    experiments. 
    Note: 
    1.  CUSABIO  is  only  responsible  for  the  kit  itself,  but  not  for  the  samples 
    consumed  during  the  assay.  The  user  should  calculate  the  possible 
    amount of  the samples used  in  the whole  test. Please  reserve sufficient 
    samples in advance. 
    2.  Samples  to  be  used  within  5  days may  be  stored  at  2-8°C,  otherwise 
    samples must be stored at -20°C (≤1month) or -80°C (≤2month) to avoid 
    loss of bioactivity and contamination. 
    3.  Grossly hemolyzed samples are not suitable for use in this assay. 
    4.  If the samples are not indicated in the manual, a preliminary experiment to 
    determine the validity of the kit is necessary.   
    5.  Please predict  the concentration before assaying.  If values  for  these are 
    not  within  the  range  of  the  standard  curve,  users  must  determine  the 
    optimal sample dilutions for their particular experiments. 
    6.  Tissue or cell extraction samples prepared by chemical  lysis buffer may 
    cause unexpected ELISA results due to the impacts of certain chemicals. 
    7.  Owing  to  the  possibility  of  mismatching  between  antigen  from  other 
    resource  and  antibody  used  in  our  kits  (e.g.,  antibody  targets 
    conformational  epitope  rather  than  linear  epitope),  some  native  or 
    recombinant proteins from other manufacturers may not be recognized by 
    our products. 
    8.  Influenced  by  the  factors  including  cell  viability,  cell  number  and  also 
    sampling time, samples from cell culture supernatant may not be detected 
    by the kit. 
    9.  Fresh samples without  long  time storage are  recommended  for  the  test. 
    Otherwise,  protein degradation and denaturalization may occur  in  those 
    samples and finally lead to wrong results.   8 
    REAGENT PREPARATION 
    Note:   
    ?  Kindly use graduated containers to prepare the reagent. Please don’t 
    prepare the reagent directly in the Diluent vials provided in the kit. 
    ?  Bring all reagents to room temperature (18-25°C) before use for 30min. 
    ?  Prepare  fresh  standard  for each assay. Use within 4 hours and discard 
    after use. 
    ?  Making serial dilution in the wells directly is not permitted.   
    ?  Please carefully  reconstitute Standards according  to  the  instruction, and 
    avoid foaming and mix gently until the crystals have completely dissolved. 
    To  minimize  imprecision  caused  by  pipetting,  use  small  volumes  and 
    ensure that pipettors are calibrated. It is recommended to suck more than 
    10μl for once pipetting. 
    ?  Distilled water  is  recommended  to be  used  to make  the preparation  for 
    reagents  or  samples.  Contaminated  water  or  container  for  reagent 
    preparation will influence the detection result. 
    1.  Biotin-antibody (1x) - Centrifuge the vial before opening.   
    Biotin-antibody requires a 100-fold dilution. A suggested 100-fold dilution 
    is 10 μl of Biotin-antibody + 990 μl of Biotin-antibody Diluent. 
    2.  HRP-avidin (1x) - Centrifuge the vial before opening.   
    HRP-avidin requires a 100-fold dilution. A suggested 100-fold dilution is 10 
    μl of HRP-avidin + 990 μl of HRP-avidin Diluent. 
    3.  Wash Buffer(1x)-  If crystals have  formed  in  the concentrate, warm up  to    
    room  temperature  and  mix  gently  until  the  crystals  have  completely 
    dissolved. Dilute 20 ml of Wash Buffer Concentrate (25 x) into deionized or 
    distilled water to prepare 500 ml of Wash Buffer (1 x). 
     
       9 
    4.  Standard   
    Centrifuge the standard vial at 6000-10000rpm for 30s.   
    Reconstitute  the  Standard  with  1.0  ml  of  Sample  Diluent.  Do  not 
    substitute other diluents. This reconstitution produces a stock solution of 
    2000 pg/ml. Mix the standard to ensure complete reconstitution and allow 
    the standard to sit for a minimum of 15 minutes with gentle agitation prior 
    to making dilutions.   
     
    Pipette 250 μl of Sample Diluent  into each  tube  (S0-S6). Use  the stock 
    solution  to  produce  a  2-fold  dilution  series  (below).  Mix  each  tube 
    thoroughly before the next transfer. The undiluted Standard serves as the 
    high standard (2000 pg/ml). Sample Diluent serves as the zero standard 
    (0 pg/ml). 
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    Tube  S7  S6  S5  S4  S3  S2  S1  S0 
    pg/ml  2000  1000  500  250  125  62.5  31.25  0 
     
     
     
     
     
     
       10 
    ASSAY PROCEDURE 
    Bring all reagents and samples to room temperature before use. Centrifuge 
    the sample again after thawing before the assay. It is recommended that all 
    samples and standards be assayed in duplicate.   
    1.  Prepare all  reagents, working standards, and samples as directed  in  the 
    previous sections. 
    2.  Refer  to  the Assay Layout Sheet  to determine  the number of wells  to be 
    used and put any remaining wells and  the desiccant back into  the pouch 
    and seal the ziploc, store unused wells at 4°C. 
    3.  Add 100μl of standard and sample per well. Cover with the adhesive strip 
    provided. Incubate for 2 hours at 37°C. A plate layout is provided to record 
    standards and samples assayed. 
    4.  Remove the liquid of each well, don’t wash.   
    5.  Add  100μl  of  Biotin-antibody  (1x)  to  each  well.  Cover  with  a  new 
    adhesive  strip.  Incubate  for  1  hour  at  37°C.  (Biotin-antibody  (1x) may 
    appear cloudy. Warm up to room temperature and mix gently until solution 
    appears uniform.) 
    6.  Aspirate each well and wash, repeating the process two times for a total of 
    three washes. Wash by filling each well with Wash Buffer (200μl) using a 
    squirt  bottle,  multi-channel  pipette,  manifold  dispenser,  or  autowasher, 
    and  let  it stand  for 2 minutes, complete  removal of  liquid at each step  is 
    essential to good performance. After the last wash, remove any remaining 
    wash Buffer by aspirating ordecanting. Invert the plate and blot it against 
    clean paper towels. 
    7.  Add 100μl of HRP-avidin (1x) to each well. Cover the microtiter plate with 
    a new adhesive strip. Incubate for 1 hour at 37°C. 
    8.  Repeat the aspiration/wash process for five times as in step 6. 
    9.  Add 90μl of TMB Substrate  to each well.  Incubate  for 15-30 minutes at 
    37°C. Protect from light. 
    10.  Add  50μl  of Stop Solution  to  each well,  gently  tap  the  plate  to ensure 
    thorough mixing.   11 
    11.  Determine  the  optical  density  of  each  well  within  5  minutes,  using  a 
    microplate reader set to 450 nm. If wavelength correction is available, set 
    to 540 nm or 570 nm. Subtract  readings at 540 nm or 570 nm  from  the 
    readings at 450 nm. This subtraction will correct  for optical imperfections 
    in the plate. Readings made directly at 450 nm without correction may be 
    higher and less accurate.   
    *Samples may require dilution. Please refer to Sample Preparation section. 
    Note: 
    1.  The  final  experimental  results  will  be  closely  related  to  validity  of  the 
    products,  operation  skills  of  the  end  users  and  the  experimental 
    environments.   
    2.  Samples or reagents addition: Please use the freshly prepared Standard. 
    Please carefully add samples to wells and mix gently to avoid foaming. Do 
    not  touch  the well wall as possible. For each step  in  the procedure,  total 
    dispensing  time  for  addition  of  reagents  or  samples  to  the  assay  plate 
    should  not  exceed  10 minutes.  This will  ensure  equal  elapsed  time  for 
    each pipetting step, without  interruption. Duplication of all standards and 
    specimens,  although  not  required,  is  recommended.  To  avoid 
    cross-contamination,  change  pipette  tips  between  additions  of  each 
    standard level, between sample additions, and between reagent additions. 
    Also, use separate reservoirs for each reagent. 
    3.  Incubation: To ensure accurate  results, proper adhesion of plate sealers 
    during incubation steps is necessary. Do not allow wells to sit uncovered 
    for extended periods between incubation steps. Once reagents have been 
    added to the well strips, DO NOT let the strips DRY at any time during the 
    assay. Incubation time and temperature must be observed. 
    4.  Washing:  The wash  procedure  is  critical. Complete  removal  of  liquid  at 
    each step  is essential  to good performance. After  the  last wash,  remove 
    any remaining Wash Solution by aspirating or decanting and remove any 
    drop  of  water  and  fingerprint  on  the  bottom  of  the  plate.  Insufficient 
    washing  will  result  in  poor  precision  and  falsely  elevated  absorbance 
    reading. When  using  an  automated  plate  washer,  adding  a  30  second 
    soak period following the addition of wash buffer, and/or rotating the plate 
    180 degrees between wash steps may improve assay precision.   12 
    5.  Controlling of reaction time: Observe the change of color after adding TMB 
    Substrate  (e.g.  observation  once  every  10  minutes),  TMB  Substrate 
    should change from colorless or light blue to gradations of blue. If the color 
    is  too  deep,  add  Stop  Solution  in  advance  to  avoid  excessively  strong 
    reaction which will result in inaccurate absorbance reading. 
    6.  TMB  Substrate  is  easily  contaminated.  TMB  Substrate  should  remain 
    colorless or light blue until added to the plate. Please protect it from light. 
    7.  Stop Solution should be added to the plate in the same order as the TMB 
    Substrate. The color developed  in  the wells will  turn  from blue  to yellow 
    upon addition of  the Stop Solution. Wells  that are green  in color  indicate 
    that the Stop Solution has not mixed thoroughly with the TMB Substrate. 
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
       13 
    ASSAY PROCEDURE SUMMARY 
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    *Samples may require dilution. Please refer to Sample Preparation section. 
     
     
       14 
    CALCULATION OF RESULTS 
    Using the professional soft "Curve Expert 1.3" to make a standard curve is 
    recommended, which can be downloaded from our web. 
    Average  the duplicate readings  for each standard and sample and subtract  the 
    average zero standard optical density.   
    Create a standard curve by reducing the data using computer software capable 
    of  generating  a  four  parameter  logistic  (4-PL)  curve-fit.  As  an  alternative, 
    construct a standard curve by plotting  the mean absorbance  for each standard 
    on  the x-axis against  the concentration on  the y-axis and draw a best  fit curve 
    through the points on the graph. The data may be linearized by plotting the log of 
    the BDNF concentrations versus the log of the O.D. and the best fit line can be 
    determined by regression analysis. This procedure will produce an adequate but 
    less precise fit of the data.   
    If  samples have been diluted,  the  concentration  read  from  the  standard  curve 
    must be multiplied by the dilution factor. 
     
    (来源: 厦门慧嘉生物科技有限公司


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