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    现在位置时时彩网络平台>技术资料首页>实验室信息>实验室介绍>中国科学院大连化学物理研究所(大连化物所)Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP)

    限速60是城市快速路吗: 中国科学院大连化学物理研究所(大连化物所)Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP)

    中国科学院大连化学物理研究所2010年6月10日 10:11 点击:4354

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    中国科学院大连化学物理研究所(大连化物所) www.dicp.cas.cn
     大连化物所  中国科学院大连化学物理研究 Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics DICP

    中国科学院大连化学物理研究所(以下简称大连化物所)创建于1949年3月,当时定名为大连大学科学研究所,后几经更名,1962年正式命名为中国科学院大连化学物理研究所。

    大连化物所是一个基础研究与应用研究并重、应用研究和技术转化相结合,以任务带学科为主要特色的综合性研究所。六十多年来,大连化物所通过不断积累和调整,逐步形成了自己的科研特色。1998年,大连化物所成为中国科学院知识创新工程首批试点单位之一。通过凝练科技目标,确立了“发挥学科综合优势,加强技术集成创新,以可持续发展的能源研究为主导,坚持资源环境优化和生物技术创新协调发展,创建世界一流研究所”的战略目标,在我国能源的可持续发展、资源优化利用、国家安全,以及国民生命与健康等领域发挥着重要作用。2007年经国家批准筹建洁净能源国家实验室。

    大连化物所重点学科领域为:催化化学、工程化学、化学激光和分子反应动力学以及近代分析化学和生物技术。

    大连化物所共有11个研究室,包括2个国家重点实验室:催化基础国家重点实验室和分子反应动力学国家重点实验室;3个从事重大项目研发的研究室:燃料电池研究室、化学激光研究室和航天催化与新材料研究室;6个从事应用研究的研究室:仪器分析化学研究室、精细化工研究室、应用催化研究室、现代化工研究室、低碳催化与工程研究部和生物技术研究部。这些研究室由50多个方向明确、研究工作各具特色的研究团队组成。另外,大连化物所还建有甲醇制烯烃国家工程实验室和3个国家级工程中心:国家催化工程技术研究中心、膜技术国家工程研究中心和燃料电池及氢源技术国家工程中心,与国外著名大学、公司和研究机构联合设立了中法催化联合实验室、中法可持续能源联合实验室、中德催化纳米技术伙伴小组、中韩燃料电池联合实验室和DICP-BP能源创新实验室等十几个国际合作研究机构。

    自建所以来,大连化物所造就了若干享誉国内外的科学家及一大批高素质研究和技术人才,先后有15位科学家当选为中国科学院和中国工程院院士,2位当选为发展中国家科学院院士,1位当选为欧洲人文和自然科学院院士,国家杰出青年基金获得者13人,引进百人计划36名。2009年底,全所共有职工912人,其中专业技术人员 770人,研究员108人,副研究员235人。大连化物所是国务院学位委员会批准的首批博士、硕士学位授予单位,现有化学和化学工程与技术一级学科硕士、博士研究生培养点,现有博士生导师76人、硕士生导师74人,共培养研究生1588名,其中博士855名。2009年共有在学研究生706人,其中博士研究生458人,硕士研究生248人。设博士后流动站,在站博士后66人。

    1956-2009年大连化物所取得科研成果600多项,曾先后获得重大奖励201项,其中获得国家奖励82项,中科院、省部级一等奖61项。

    1950-2009年发表论文总数11436篇。其中,影响因子大于3的953篇。实施知识创新工程以来,发表SCI论文5202篇,70余篇学术论文发表在《Science》、《Nature》、Angew. Chem.、JACS等学术刊物以及相关学科顶级刊物上。出版科技专著53部。

    截止到2009年底,我所累计申请专利2201件,其中发明专利2048件,累计专利授权1100件,其中发明专利授权948件,累计申请国外专利180多件,其中PCT申请60多件,获得国外专利授权20多件。

    大连化物所主持出版国内催化领域和色谱领域核心期刊《色谱》和《催化学报》以及英文学术期刊《Journal of Natural Gas Chemistry(天然气化学)》,其中《催化学报》和《Journal of Natural Gas Chemistry(天然气化学)》被SCI-E收入。

    Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP), ChineseAcademy of Sciences (CAS) was founded in March, 1949. It is a multidisciplinary institute engaging in both fundamental and applied researches of chemistry and chemical engineering, especially with strong abilities for technological development.

      Over the span of half a century, DICP has conducted researches of many fields, all integrating closely with the needs of national economic reconstructions. It has developed its own features in catalytic chemistry, engineering chemistry, organic synthetic chemistry, chemical lasers and molecular reaction dynamics, as well as in modern analytical chemistry, especially in chromatography. A large number of achievements have been obtained, which have made important contribution in national economic reconstructions

      During the 1950’s, to satisfy the urgent needs of the country, this institute had developed novel catalysts for the Fische-Tropsch synthesis process to produce syn-fuels from coal, and for the preparation of toluene via cyclization of C7-fractions. In the 1960’s, the institute had developed a unique hydroisomerization catalyst for the preparation of low-freezing jet fuels. Moreover, a new process for the purification of feed gases for ammonia synthesis had been developed, which made the ammonia synthesis industry of China attained an advanced level of the world at that time. In the 1970’s, the investigation of hydrogen-oxygen fuel cells for applications in space technologies had been extensively started, and two series of fuel cells had been prepared firstly in China for use as the main energy sources in space vehicles and satellites. Meanwhile, various types of hydrazine decomposition catalysts for attitude control of satellites were successfully created, which had made great contributions to the development of our country’s space technologies. In the 1980’s, processes for the separation of nitrogen and hydrogen by means of hollow fiber membranes were developed, and had extensive applications for the recovery of hydrogen from purge gases in China. These achievements had filled up a blank area in China. Then in the last decade of the 20th century, the institute had invented a proprietary process for the production of ethylbenzene from the by-producing ethylene in the FCC dry gases, and this process has opened a new route for the rational utilization of gaseous resources in petroleum refineries. Furthermore, the research in short wave length chemical lasers has attained internationally advanced level.
      Ever since it’s founding, the institute has cultivated a number of scientists and academic leaders who have earned prominence both in China and aboard. Many younger scientific and technical elites have also been brought up in this institute. Ten distinguished scientists of DICP have been elected as Members of the ChineseAcademy of Science and two scientists have been elected as Members of Chinese Academy of Engineering. There are 590 staffs including 76 professors of whom 50 professors are below 45 years old by the end of June, 2003.

      DICP is one of first batches of the institutions in China accredited by the Degree Commitment of the State Council for supervising and granting Ph.D. and Master Degrees of chemistry and chemical engineering. At present, DICP has 50 PhD supervisors

      Up to now, DICP has established extensive academic and technological cooperation and exchange relations with institutions of 32 countries. A total of 1,800 scientists from different countries have visited this institute, while 1100 scientists and 300 graduate students from DICP have been dispatched abroad for academic exchanges.

      DICP has focused its research on the “selectivity-control in chemistry and chemical engineering” and pursues creativity in strategic, pioneering and basic studies. It has ten laboratories, including three state key laboratories and three national centers. The strategy for the development of DICP in the coming decade is as follows: taking sustainable energy sources as the dominant research area, while maintaining a coordinative development in the optimization of environmental resources and the innovation of biotechnologies. The final goal is to make DICP a world-class institute which possesses strong competition abilities and has a rational layout in research area, integrating comprehensively pioneering basic studies with strategic and creative hi-tech R/D’s as well as hi-tech industrialization.

      President Zemin Jiang inspected DICP on August 20, 1999, and gave a remark to DICP in his own calligraphic handwriting as follows: Implement the Knowledge Innovation Program and make DICP a first class institute in the world.

      Vice-President Jintao Hu inspected DICP on June 11, 2002, and encouraged the scientific research personnel: To reach the peak of science and technology continuously, to make a greater contribution to scientific undertakings, economy and society development of China.
     

    (来源: 中国科学院大连化学物理研究所 )


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